This section contains questions regarding your citizenship and state of legal residence. These questions determine whether you are classified as a Texas resident or a non-resident.
Let’s discuss the process for determining residency and what information is required
of you in order to do so.
Texas Residency Rules and Regulations
During processing, an applicant liaison will review your application in greater detail to either confirm or change the system’s residency determination. Each TMDSAS applicant liaison is also a residency specialist who reviews and makes determinations according to the Texas Higher Education Coordinating Board rules for establishing residency.
Proof of Residency
Bases for Claims of Texas Residency:
Option 1: Residency through Texas high school graduation
To establish residency through high school graduation, you must have:
- Graduated from a Texas high school or received a GED in Texas; and
- Lived in Texas for the 36 months immediately before high school graduation; and
- Lived in Texas continuously for the 12 months immediately preceding the application deadline.
This option for establishing Texas residency is available to citizens or permanent residents of the US and to international students (with certain eligible visa types).
Option 2: Residency by Establishing Domicile
To establish domicile, you or your parent(s) must meet the following criteria:
- Live in Texas for 12 consecutive months by the application deadline; and
- Establish and maintain domicile for 12 consecutive months prior to the application
deadline, by doing one of the following:
- Be gainfully employed in Texas (Definition)
- Sole or joint marital ownership of residential real property in Texas by the person seeking to enroll or the dependent's parent, having established and maintained a domicile at the residence
- Own and operate a business in Texas
- Be married for one year to a person who has established domicile in Texas
|If you file taxes as an independent...||If your parents claim you as a dependent...|
|You may gain resident status if you establish domicile in the state.||Your parents must establish domicile in the state for you to claim residency.|
What is Gainful Employment?
Gainful employment is employment intended to provide an income to a person or allow a person to avoid the expense of paying another person to perform the tasks (as in child care) that is sufficient to provide at least one-half of the individuals' tuition and living expenses or that represents an average of at least twenty hours of employment per week.
A person who is self-employed, employed as a homemaker or who is living off his/her earnings may be considered gainfully employed for tuition purposes, as may a person whose primary support is public assistance. Employment conditioned on student status, such as work study, the receipt of stipends, fellowships, or research or teaching assistantships does not constitute gainful employment.
What is Gainful Employment?
Once you submit your application, you may receive a request to upload specific residency documents. This information is required in order to process your application. It is best to upload your residency documents as soon as you receive an email request or a message in the portal. Taking swift action on these document requests will help you avoid delays in the processing of your application.
Click here for a list of documents that prove the establishment of residency through domicile. Have these documents ready so that you can upload them in the portal after submission.
Example Documents: Gainful Employment in TX
If you base your claim for residency through the Establishment of Domicile in Texas (Option 2) because you or your parent/guardian have maintained gainful employment in Texas for 12 months prior to the application deadline (November) then you will receive a request to upload the following vai the application portal:
- A copy of your pay stubs
- Texas driver's license
(You would not upload W2 information, only the required months of pay stubs* and driver's license.)
*Employment conditioned on student status, such as work study, the receipt of stipends,
fellowships, or research or teaching assistantships does not constitute gainful employment.
Don't forget that you need to upload all pay stubs for the months requested! Please combine pay stubs into one PDF document before uploading.
Example Documents: Property Ownership in TX
If you base your claim for residency through the Establishment of Domicile in Texas (Option 2) because you or your parent/guardian own residential property in Texas and have maintained residence at this address for 12 months prior to the application deadline (November) then you will receive a request to upload via the application portal:
- A copy of your Warranty Deed
- Utility Bills
- Texas driver's license
(If you are a dependent of a parent who owns TX property you will upload a copy of their home deed, utility bills, driver's licenses, and their most recent tax return.)
Don't forget that you need to upload utility bills for all the months requested! Please combine utility bills into one PDF document before uploading.
Example Documents: Ownership of a Business in TX
If you base your claim for residency through the Establishment of Domicile in Texas (Option 2) because you or your parent/guardian own and opperate a business in Texas for 12 months prior to the application deadline (November) then you will receive a request to upload the following via the application portal:
- A copy of Formation of Business documents
- Business Tax Filings
- Texas driver's license
Don't forget that you need to upload all of the requested documents!
Example Documents: Marriage to a TX Resident
If you base your claim for residency through the Establishment of Domicile in Texas (Option 2) because your spouse has established and maintained domicile in Texas for 12 months prior to the application deadline (November) then you will receive a request to upload the following via the application portal:
- A copy of your Texas Marriage Certificate or Declaration of Registration of Informal Marriage
- Texas driver's licenses (yours and theirs)
- Supporting documentation (see below) for your spouse
The supporting documentation for your spouse will include one of the follow:
- Gainful employment
- Property ownership
- Business ownership
- Military LES listing TX as home of record
Don't forget that you need to upload all documents for the months requested! Please combine into one PDF document before uploading.
Residency Determination Process
- Initial System Determination:
- The application generates an initial determination when the residency section of the application is complete, based on your responses. This determination is automatic and computer generated. This determination is not final.
- Based on your answers to the Residency section questions, you may be asked to upload Specific Documents within the application portal after submission.
- During Processing, Application Reviewed:
- While processing your application, TMDSAS staff will review the initial determination along with an in-depth review of all components of your application, including your uploaded documents. If more information is needed to substantiate a claim of residency, your applicant liaison will message you, and you will be required to provide them in a timely manner. Please refrain from inquiring about your documents until your applicant liaison has messaged you.
- Residency Review:
- TMDSAS will review the submitted documents and make an official determination accordingly.
- Residency Appeals:
- If TMDSAS determines that you are a non-Texas resident, you have the option to appeal.
- Please refer to our policies for information regarding the Residency Appeals. To initiate the process, follow the steps below.
Residency Appeals Process
The TMDSAS Residency Review Committee will review all appeals on a case-by-case basis and will make a residency determination that is final.
- Beginning an Appeal:
- Include your name and TMDSAS ID #
- Provide justification for how you meet one of the requirements for Texas residency as listed above.
- Attach supporting documentation as listed here
- Click here to initiate an appeal.
- How long does the residency appeal process take?
- Residency appeal decisions will be made 10-15 business days after receipt of all required information and documentation.
For Permanent Residents or Visa Holders:
Applicants who are not U.S citizens MUST provide TMDSAS with a copy of their Permanent Resident card or Visa stamp in their passport. Your application will NOT be processed without this documentation. You must upload these directly to the application.
A non-U.S citizen must indicate their country of citizenship and complete the required information regarding their Visa. If your Permanent Resident card has no expiration date, enter the expiration date as ten years from the issue date.
Foreign national applicants whose application for Permanent Resident Status has been preliminarily reviewed should have received a fee/filing receipt or Notice of Action (I-797) from USCIS indicating the I-485 has been reviewed and has not been rejected. These applicants must submit a copy of the fee/filing receipt or Notice of Approval to TMDSAS. This documentation can be uploaded directly to the application.
Non-US Citizens or Permanent Residents
If the submitted information indicates you aren’t a U.S. citizen or permanent resident but that you may qualify for residency based on Texas high school graduation, you will be prompted by the application to download and submit the Residency Affidavit. It must be completed, signed, notarized and submitted to TMDSAS.
Deferred Action Childhood Arrivals (DACA): If you have Deferred Action for Childhood
Arrivals (DACA) status, you should select “None” when selecting your visa type/residency
status. You will then indicate in the [Optional Question] at the end of the section
that you have DACA status. You must also complete the Residency Affidavit, see that
Notice to applicants without U.S. citizenship or Permanent Resident status
The following medical schools will only review and consider for admissions applicants who are U.S. citizens or legal Permanent Residents of the U.S.:
- UT School of Dentistry at Houston
- UT Dental School at San Antonio
- Texas Tech University Woody L. Hunt School of Dentistry
- Baylor College of Medicine
- John Sealy School of Medicine at UTMB
- McGovern Medical School, UT Health at Houston
- Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center School of Medicine
- Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center - Paul L. Foster School of Medicine at El Paso
- Tilman J. Fertitta Family College of Medicine
- University of North Texas - Texas College of Osteopathic Medicine
- UT Austin Dell Medical School
- UT Rio Grande Valley School of Medicine
- UT Southwestern Medical School
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